The Ajai Wildlife Reserve is a small conservation protected area in north-eastern Uganda dominated by a large island surrounded by seasonally flooded swamps and wooded savanna. Ajai lays on the western bank of the Nile, approximately 40 km2 (25 mi) east of Arua district. Before Ajai was gazetted as a wildlife reserve in 1965, the Ajai rhino sanctuary was home to 60 of Uganda’s 80 remaining white rhino. In 2002 12km2 (4.6 sq mi) were carved out of the reserve to make space for human settlements.