Murchison Falls, also known as Kabalega Falls, is a waterfall between Lake Kyoga and Lake Albert on the White Nile River in Uganda. Sir Samuel and Florence baker were the first Europeans to find them. Baker named them after Sir Roderick Murchison, President of the royal geographical society. The falls lend their name to the surrounding Murchison Falls National Park.

At the top of Murchison Falls, the Nile forces its way through a gap in the rocks, only 7 meters (23ft) wide, and tumbles 43 meters (141ft), before flowing westward into Lake Albert, the outlet of Lake Victoria sends around 300 cubic meters per second (11.000 ft3/s) of water over the falls, squeezed into a gorge less than ten meters (30ft) wide.