Lake Albert is located in the center of the continent, on the border between Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Lake Albert is the northern most of the chain of Lakes in the Albert rift, the western branch of the east African rift.

It is about 160 km (100 mi) long and 30km (19 mi) wide, with a maximum depth of 51 m (168 ft), and a surface elevation of 619m (2,030 ft) above sea level.

Its main sources are the Victoria Nile, ultimately coming to the southwest. The water of the Victoria Nile is much less saline than that of Lake Albert. Its outlet, at the northern most tip of the Lake, is the Albert Nile, which becomes known as the mountain Nile when it enters south Sudan. The few settlements along the shore include butiaba and pakwach.

In 1864, the explorers Samuel baker and sass flora found the Lake and named it after the recently deceased Prince Albert, consort of Queen Victoria. In the 20th century, Congolese president Mobutu Sese Seko temporarily named the Lake after himself.