The park is bisected by the Victoria Nile, which plunges 45m over the remnant rift valley. The mighty cascade drains the last of the river’s energy, transforming it into a broad, placid stream that flows quietly across the rift valley floor into Lake Albert. This stretch of river provides one of Uganda’s most remarkable wildlife spectacles. Regular visitors to the riverbanks include elephants, giraffes and buffaloes; while hippos, Nile crocodiles and aquatic birds which are permanent residents. Notable visitors to the park included Winston Churchill, Theodore Roosevelt, Ernest Hemingway and several British royals.
The park is home to 76 species of mammals including four of the “Big Five”, with huge herds of buffaloes and elephants, well-camouflaged leopards and a healthy population of lions. It is also known for its giraffes; in Uganda these can only be viewed here and in Kidepo Valley. Other species viewed regularly along the game tracks include Jackson’s hartebeast, bushbucks, Uganda kob, water bucks and warthogs. Resident crocodiles and hippos as well as other, visiting wildlife are found along the river.